World’s Oldest Harbor Discovered in the Red Sea
Archaeologists have discovered what they say are the remains of the world’s oldest harbor in the Red Sea off the Egyptian coast. The find dates back 4600 years to the reign of King Cheops, who according to the biggest collection of papyri (writings on papyrus) ever found, used the port to bring in materials used to build the renowned Great Pyramid of Giza. The discovery was made by archaeologists from the French Institute of Archaeology in Cairo and the Sorbonne University. The find casts King Cheops in the role of trader and international businessman in addition to his existing reputation of being the builder of the Great Pyramids. The port showed a high level of organization and was apparently the epicenter of a brisk trade in ships as well as shipping. More than 800 pieces of papyri were discovered last summer – the oldest ever found in Egypt.