Protecting Truth During Tension

As the Israeli-Palestinian conflict develops and the rise of hate crimes persists, TML is on the ground in the Middle East and beyond writing stories that readers like you and other media outlets rely on. To ensure that you have immediate access to unbiased, fact-based reporting, it is crucial that TML has the resources to disseminate these stories in real-time. Please help us protect the truth during these critical times by making a donation today.
The Media Line is proud to assume this responsibility and has over 20 years of success in shaping the role of news reporting in the region. We hope you will support our efforts by making a donation today.

In our modern, digital world, we are not as far away from each other as we once were, which is why news agencies have a responsibility to put forth reliable, trustworthy journalism more than ever before.
TML is proud to assume this responsibility.
We hope you will support our efforts.

Thank you!

Thank you for confidence in The Media Line.
Felice Friedson
Founder, President
Wikimedia Publishes Treasure Trove Of Historical Pre-Israel Photos
An image from Wikimedia's pre-Israel collection by photographer Zoltan Kluger. (Wikimedia Commons)

Wikimedia Publishes Treasure Trove Of Historical Pre-Israel Photos

Some 28,000 images were collected from Israeli archives and released on media-sharing platform

An extensive secret project has led to the publication of 28,000 historical photos from pre-state Israel on Wikimedia Commons. Led by Wikimedia Israel, the Israeli branch of the non-profit Wikimedia platform whose goal is to freely disseminate media content online, the newly released images had been scattered in various archives and were not readily accessible until now.

The treasure trove of pictures all date to the end of the Ottoman Empire and British Mandatory Palestine, and features snapshots of life in the Holy Land in the early 20th century before the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948. Various communities are depicted, such as early Jewish settlements and Druze villages.

“According to Israeli law, these images taken from 1900-1946 are public domain and thus belong to the public,” Michal Lester, executive director at Wikimedia Israel, told The Media Line. “Israeli archives have not generally made these images available to the public in such a way that they are easy to find.”

According to Israeli law, images are under copyright for a period of 50 years following their creation. According to Lester, the project was kept under wraps as the method developed to cull the images had not been tested before.

“We used a new technological tool that took pictures from all these different archives, all while ensuring that they are copyright-free,” Lester stated. “We believe that these photos are an integral part of the history of those living here and around the globe. It’s very important for us that they be free for the public to use so that’s why we uploaded them to Wikimedia Commons.

“Only once we were certain that the materials were credible and high-quality [did we announce this campaign],” she continued, emphasizing that the scope of the project should lead to greater interest in Israeli archives and drive more traffic to their own websites.

Wikimedia Commons, which describes itself as a “global movement whose mission is to bring free educational content to the world,” has a collection of over 50 million free-use media files available. The 28,000 images from Wikimedia Israel are available through Wikimedia Commons and can also be accessed through the Wikimedia Israel site (only in Hebrew for now):

Aside from the technical difficulties of locating materials and preparing them for publication, the organization faced several challenges with regard to working with the archives themselves.

“Some of these bodies were suspicious that if we make these materials available on Wikimedia, they will no longer receive any online visitors to their own websites,” Lester explained. “Because of this, it was very difficult to collaborate on this project.”

Wikimedia Israel claimed that a few archives refused to join the project; they include the Israel State Archives and the Central Zionist Archives (CZA).

“Unfortunately, the CZA did something which we believe is terrible because they added watermarks to their pictures. This is not something that’s done to old photos, which are not the property of anyone, but which belong to the public,” Lester concluded.

The CZA refuted Wikimedia’s claims about not making materials accessible, without however addressing the watermarks on public domain materials.

“At CZA, we do our utmost in order to preserve archival materials at optimal conditions, by using the most advanced technologies,” Dror Morag, Chair of Zionist Enterprises Department at the World Zionist Organization, which manages the Central Zionist Archives in Israel, wrote in a statement to The Media Line. “The doors of CZA are open to the general public, who are welcome to come view and use various materials. Whatever is not available online has not yet been digitized, a process that we are regularly working on at the archive to enable all documents to be digitally accessible, while respecting copyright when necessary.”

When contacted by The Media Line, the Israel State Archives conveyed that it “welcomes any fair use of the archive materials available on its website, including photographs. The Archives encourages the general public to continue to make wide use of the materials with proper attribution.”

Ultimately, Wikimedia hopes institutions will be more willing to collaborate in the future and that any lingering distrust towards the dissemination of historical materials online will dissipate.

The National Library of Israel – which houses millions of manuscripts, ancient maps, books, photographs and other archival materials – has already joined forced with Wikimedia and is working to digitize 11,000 photographs. The images in question were mostly taken in 1940-1960 from a collection donated by Dan Hadani, who ran a photographic news agency for several decades.

“The National Library of Israel and Wikimedia have a long record of partnership,” Yaron Deutscher, head of the Digital Access Division at the National Library, affirmed to The Media Line. “In fact, every month we host a special course for Wikipedia editors, and part of our cooperation is also uploading copyright-free materials onto different Wikipedia websites.”

The first part of the Dan Hadani project is expected to be complete in the coming months, after which another batch of images will also be made available.

“This initiative is part of the library’s policy of open data and open knowledge. Our final goal is to make as many materials as possible free for the public to use in any way that they want,” Deutscher concluded.

Did you know we’re celebrating our 20th Anniversary as the 1st American News Agency exclusively covering the Middle East?

  • The Middle East landscape is changing rapidly.
  • The roads in the region open to new possibilities.
  • The Media Line continues to pave the way to a far greater understanding of the region’s land, people, policies and governments through our trusted, fact-based news.

We’re an independent, ad-free, non-profit news agency and rely on friends like you!

Please make your gift today.
Thank you!

We paved the way to be the Trusted Mid East News you can rely on!

We’re an independent, ad-free, non-profit news agency and rely on friends like you!

Invest in the
Trusted Mideast
News source.
We are on the
front lines.

Personalize Your News
Upgrade your experience by choosing the categories that matter most to you.
Click on the icon to add the category to your Personalize news
Browse Categories and Topics
Wake up to the Trusted Mideast News source Mideast Daily News Email
By subscribing, you agree to The Media Line terms of use and privacy policy.
Wake up to the Trusted Mideast News source Mideast Daily News Email
By subscribing, you agree to The Media Line terms of use and privacy policy.